Present Perfect Continuous em Inglês

O "Present Perfect Continuous" se forma com a seguinte estrutura:
have (I, you, we, they) + been + verb + -ing ou has (he, she, it) + been + verb + -ing.
Veja agora um exemplo de um verbo regular conjugado em "Present Perfect Continuous":
Forma afirmativa do verbo "to sleep" em present perfect continuous.
Verbo "To sleep" Forma Contraída
I have been sleeping I've been sleeping
You have been sleeping You've been sleeping
He has been sleeping He's been sleeping
She has been sleeping She's been sleeping
It has been sleeping It's been sleeping
We have been sleeping We've been sleeping
You have been sleeping You've been sleeping
They have been sleeping They've been sleeping
Forma negativa do verbo "to sleep" em present perfect continuous.
Verbo "To sleep" Forma Contraída
I have not been sleeping I haven't been sleeping
You have not been sleeping You haven't been sleeping
He has not been sleeping He hasn't been sleeping
She has not been sleeping She hasn't been sleeping
It has not been sleeping It hasn't been sleeping
We have not been sleeping We haven't been sleeping
You have not been sleeping You haven't been sleeping
They have not been sleeping They haven't been sleeping
Forma interrogativa do verbo "to sleep" em present perfect continuous.
Verbo "To sleep"
Have I been sleeping?
Have you been sleeping?
Has he been sleeping?
Has she been sleeping?
Has it been sleeping?
Have we been sleeping?
Have you been sleeping?
Have they been sleeping?
Respostas curtas em present perfect continous.
Resposta Afirmativa Resposta Negativa
Yes, I have No, I have not
No, I haven't
Yes, you have No, you have not
No, you haven't
Yes, he has No, he has not
No, he hasn't
Yes, she has No, she has not
No, she hasn't
Yes, it has No, it has not
No, it hasn't
Yes, we have No, we have not
No, we haven't
Yes, you have No, you have not
No, you haven't
Yes, they have No, they have not
No, they haven't
Estrutura das frases com verbos em "Present Perfect Continuous":
Afirmativas: Sujeito + have / has + been + verbo + -ing + objetos.
Exemplos:
He has been reading the newspaper for one hour.
(Ele está lendo o jornal há uma hora.)
Negativas: Sujeito + have / has + not + been + verbo + -ing + objetos.
Exemplos:
They haven't waiting for a long time.
(Eles não têm esperado por muito tempo.)
Interrogativas Afirmativas: Have / Has + sujeito + been + verbo + -ing + objetos + interrogação.
Exemplos:
What have you been doing lately?
(O que você anda fazendo ultimamente?)
Respostas curtas afirmativas: "Yes" + sujeito + have (I, you, we, they) / has (he, she, it).
Exemplos:
Yes, I have.
(Sim.)
Yes, she has.
(Sim.)
Respostas curtas negativas: "No" + sujeito + have (I, you, we, they) / has (he, she, it) + "not".
Exemplos:
No, I have not.
(Não)
No, she has not.
(Não.)
Marcadores temporais do "Present Perfect Continuous":
Entre os principais marcadores temporais deste tempo temos: since, for, all morning, all afternoon, all week, all day, how long (perguntas).
Exemplos:
He has been working in this company since 1985.
(Ele trabalha nesta empresa desde 1985.)
She's been writing a letter for some hours.
(Ela anda escrevendo uma carta há várias horas.)
I have been working all afternoon.
(Eu tenho trabalhado a tarde toda.)